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Physics and Physical Chemistry

The Optical Principles of The Diffraction of X-rays

R. W. James

State - Volume II, this book contains a detailed presentation of the mathematical methods used to determine molecular structure from diffraction patterns.

CONTENTS: The Geometrical Theory of Diffraction by Space-Lattices ­ The Intensity of Reflection of X-Rays by Crystals ­ The Atomic Scattering Factor ­ The Anomalous Scattering and Dispersion of X-Rays ­ The Influence of Temperature on the Diffraction of X-Rays by Crystals Experimental Tests of the Intensity Formulae ­ The Use of Fourier Series in Crystal Analysis ­ Laue's Development of the Dynamcial Theory: Kossel Lines ­ The Scattering of X-Rays by Gases, Liquids, Small Crystals and its Relationship to Diffraction by Amorphous Material.

664 + xvi pages, 5 1/2 x 8 1/2.
Reprint of 1962 edition.

Cloth $85.    ISBN 0-918024-23-4

The Collected Papers of Peter J. W. Debye

Peter Debye has left his mark on the science of physical chemistry like no other scientist since J. Willard Gibbs. The fifty-one papers in this volume are presented in the original English for his later writings, and in translation from the German for his earlier work. Among the areas pioneered by Debye and covered in this collection are X-Ray Scattering, Dipole Moments, Electrolyte Theory, and Light Scattering. Debye was awarded the 1936 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

700 + xxi pages, 8 1/2 x 11.
Reprint of first edition published in 1954.

Cloth $95.    ISBN 0-918024-58-7

Foundations of Bioenergetics

Harold J. Morowitz


This book presents those aspects of thermal physics necessary for understanding bioenergetics. Material is carefully introduced as: definitions, empirical generalizations, postulates, and logical inferences from the preceding three categories. Included are classical thermodynamics, information theory, statistical mechanics, ecological energetics, and irreversible thermodynamics. A complete background is provided for the biologist or biochemist desiring an in-depth understanding of the physical foundations of the subject.

CONTENTS: Energy ­ Temperature ­ The Measurability of Energy ­ The Second Law of Thermodynamics ­ Entropy ­ Information ­ Statistical Mechanics ­ Connecting Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics ­ Information Theory Considerations ­ Free-Energy Functions ­ Radiant Energy ­ The Free Energy of Cells and Tissue ­ Kinetics and Cycles ­ Ecological Energetics ­ Applications of the Gibbs Free Energy ­ Thermal Energy ­ Thermal Measurements ­ Information-Entropy Formalism in Biology ­ Irreversible Thermodynamics ­ Fluctuations ­ Applications of Irreverible Theory ­ Osmotic Flow

179 + ix pages, 5 1/2 x 8 1/2.
Published in 1978 by Academic Press.

Cloth $55.    ISBN 0-12-507250-3

A Treatise on Analytical Dynamics

L. A. Pars


This book is a very thorough treatment of classical mechanics from an advanced viewpoint.

CONTENTS: Motion of a particle ­ Dynamical Systems ­ The first form of the fundamental equation ­ The second and third forms of the fundamental equation ­ Lagrangian coordinates ­ Lagrange's equations ­ The theory of rotations ­ First applications of Lagrange's equations ­ The theory of vibrations ­ Further applications of Lagrange's equations ­ Variable mass ­ The Gibbs-Appell equations ­ Applications of the Gibbs-Appell equations ­ Impulsive motion ­ The sixth form of the fundamental equation ­ The Hamilton-Jacoby theorem ­ Separable systems with n degrees of freedom ­ Systems with one degree of freedom, motion near a singular point ­ Systems with one degree of freedom, the cyclic characteristics ­ Systems with n degrees of freedom, properties of the characteristics ­ Hamilton's equations ­ Motion in the neighborhood of a given motion, stability in motion ­ Contact transformations ­ Transformation theory ­ Variation principles ­ The principle of Least Action ­ The restricted problem of three bodies ­ The problem of three bodies ­ Periodic orbits.

641 + xxi pages, 7 1/2 x 11.
Reprint of first edition published 1965.

Cloth $95.    ISBN 0-918024-07-2

Atoms

Jean Perrin


In the first years of the 20th century the theory of Brownian motion and experiments on electronic charge, radioactivity, and black-body radiation made the atomic nature of matter an increasingly persuasive hypothesis. Jean Perrin's experiments on Brownian motion and particle diffusion provided a confirmation of Einstein's theory, which depended on the molecular-kinetic view of matter. Perrin gathered the available information into his 1913 book Les Atomes. This masterpiece eliminated all objection to atomicity. Its message reverberates to the core of modern chemistry, physics, and biology. This work brings together sixteen different ways of determining Avogadro's number. There is no comparable book in science. Perrin received the 1926 Nobel prize in physics.

CONTENTS: Chemistry and the Atomic Theory ­ Molecular Agitation ­ The Brownian Movement-Emulsions ­ The Laws of the Brownian Movement ­ Fluctuations ­ Light and Quanta ­ The Atom of Electricity ­ The Genesis and Destruction of Atoms

232 + xvi pages, 5 1/2 x 8 1/2.
Reprint of second English edition published 1923.

Paper $25.    ISBN 0-918024-79-X

Cloth $42.
   ISBN 0-918024-78-1

Foundations of Physics

R. Bruce Lindsay
Henry Margenau


Thousands of students of physics have found "Lindsay and Margenau" an indispensable work in understanding their subject. How can a classic work retain its freshness in such a fast moving field? The answer lies in the word "Foundations" in the title. In a unique and lasting way these two authors have probed the postulates of physics, the mathematical techniques employed, and the methods of relating theory to experiment.

CONTENTS: The Meaning of a Physical Theory ­ Space and Time in Physics ­ The Foundation of Mechanics ­ Probability and Some of its Applications ­ The Statistical Point of View ­ The Physics of Continua ­ The Electron Theory and Special Relativity ­ The General Theory of Relativity ­ Quantum Mechanics ­ The Problem of Causality

542 + xvi pages, 5 1/2 x 8 1/2.
Reprint of first edition published in 1936.

Paper $35.    ISBN 0-918024-17-X

Philosophical Problems of Quantum Physics

Werner Heisenberg


Werner Heisenberg was one of a small group who created the science of quantum physics. These essays, which originally appeared under the title Philosophical Problems of Nuclear Science, present an illuminating view of the development and significance of quantum theory.

CONTENTS: Recent Changes in the Foundation of Exact Science ­ On the History of the Physical Interpretation of Nature ­ Questions of Principle in Modern Physics ­ Ideas of the Natural Philosophy of Ancient Times in Modern Physics ­ The Teachings of Goethe and Newton on Colour in the Light of Modern Physics ­ On the Unity of the Scientific Outlook on Nature ­ Fundamental Problems of Present-day Atomic Physics ­ Science as a Means of International Understanding

126 pages, 6 x 9.
Reprint of first English edition published 1952.

Paper $18.    ISBN 0-918024-15-3

Cloth $30.
   ISBN 0-918024-14-5
Philosophical Writings of Niels Bohr
Volume I:

Atomic Theory and the
Description of Nature

Written from 1925-1929, these essays explain to a general audience the details of the emerging theory in physics. These writings illuminate the transition from classical physics to quantum theory, and probe the philosophical consequences of this transition.

119 + viii pages, 6 x 9.
Reprint of first English edition published in 1934.

Paper $18.    ISBN 0-918024-50-1

Cloth $30.
   ISBN 0-918024-51-X
Volume II:

Essays
1932-1957
on Atomic Physics and Human Knowledge


This volume extends the new physics and its underlying epistemology to inquire into the nature of biology, anthropology, and philosophy. Bohr explores the possibilities and limitations of human thought in a variety of fields. This volume also contains the famous 1949 essay, "Discussion with Einstein."

101 + viii pages, 6 x 9.
Reprint of first English edition published in 1958.

Paper $18.    ISBN 0-918024-52-8

Cloth $30.
   ISBN 0-918024-53-6
Volume III:

Essays
1958-1962
on Atomic Physics and Human Knowledge


Bohr here states his mature views on such subjects as complementarity, the limitations of human knowledge, and the problems that arise in biology from "the practically inexhaustible complexity of the organism." Included are anecdotes on the entire pantheon of scientists who changed, at the deepest level, the frontiers of knowledge in our time.

100 + x pages, 6 x 9.
Reprint of first English edition published in 1963.

Paper $18.    ISBN 0-918024-54-4

Cloth $30.
   ISBN 0-918024-55-2

Volume IV:

Causality and Complementarity

Supplementary papers edited by Jan Faye and Henry J. Folse


In volumes I, II, and III Bohr collected his major philosophical ideas. In this volume, scholars Faye and Folse have carefully reviewed all of Bohr's writings to select additional works that expand our understanding of the subtleties of his thinking in the philosophical foundations of physics and other areas of modern thought.

192 + x pages, 6 x 9.
First published in 1999.

Paper $20.    ISBN 1-881987-13-2

Cloth $40.
   ISBN 1-881987-14-0

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